The only thing for sure about energy, is that its a long way away in a very short time. Ie. in one second its 186,000 miles away. A photon is a packet of energy.
Photons - Polarization
All photons travel at the speed of light,
but when they hit something, its like they were pointed in a particular directon, or spinning around
a particular axis. This is called the photon polarization.
Polarization can be a direction like up
or down, left or right. Polarization can also mean spin in a clockwise or counter-clockwise direction.
The Planck constant
The Planck constant is equal to 6.626*10^-34 Joule-Sec. and
establishes the relationship between wavelength and energy. A short length = high energy (ultraviolet) and
a long length = low energy (heat).
To convert from length to energy, take 1240 divided by the nanometer wavelength
to get the energy in evolts. For a green (630nm) photon 1240/630nm=1.97ev
Quantum Mechanics Concepts - DrPhysicsA
This video will provide you with the information to calculate the probability that light polarized in a
specific direction will get through a polarizer pointed in a different direction. You will learn
to represent a photon of light as an array with two complex numbers in it. The complex conjugate of another array
(representing the polarizer angle) can then be multiplied by this array (the photon representation) to give you
the probability that the photon will go through the polarizer.
The representation of a photon as a vector, is the polarization component of the
Jones Vector. To represent this visually, the real
part of the variable is where the polarization is right now. The imaginary part represents where the polarization
angle is going. Remember, these angles only represent the amplitude of probability.
Quantum Mechanics Concepts, Dirac notation and photon polarization
Notations and Mathematics, Ket and Bra vectors
Complex numbers and mapping on a plane
Complex conjugates and some calculated results
Ket and Bra vector mathematics, addition and scalar multiplication
Multiply a Bra vector times a Ket vector
Matrices - Conjugated, Transposed and the Dagger
When a matrix is the same as its Daggar - Hermitian
Matrix applied to a Ket vector is new Ket vector
Hermitian matrix, eigenvectors and eigenvalues
Polarization - vertically polarized light
Vertically polarized light through a horizontal polarizer
Physical meaning of Hermitian, eigenvalues and eigenvectors
Eigenvalues of experiment to test if light is horizontal or vertical
Observable or experiment and state of system, will produce same state depending on polarization
45 degree light through a 45 degree polarizer and normalization